Innovations in farming have become more important than ever to ensure adequate food supply.
This is especially important because traditional farming methods cannot meet the demands of a constantly growing population.
The following various innovative methods of farming have been introduced to produce healthy food and meet agricultural demands. According to the latest data from the National Farmers Federation of Australia, Australian farmers produce 93% of our country’s daily domestic food supply. Which makes innovative farming techniques all the more important.
With farmers becoming more creative in their approach to growth, consider the following farming innovations helping grow food and feeding the growing global population.
Rooftop farming is an innovative way to utilise limited space in urban areas. These rooftop spaces can contribute to robust local farming and create micro-green spaces that become self-sufficient. One of the core benefits of rooftop farming is the production of pesticide free vegetables and organic ingredients for local consumption.
According to rooftop specialists KJ Concreting, rooftop farming comes down to an efficient use of space, saying “rooftop gardens suffer from high winds which can undo your hard work. Ensure your space is protected, with retaining walls a durable solution, to contain your garden and see the results compound over time.”
Efficient energy consumption is another advantage of rooftop farming. This is because this form of farming keeps the temperature cool in winter and retains heat in winter, as plants moderate the roof temperatures of buildings which leads to efficient air cooling and heating systems. Perhaps most importantly, these miniature farms yield fresh food and are environment-friendly, both helping contribute to a sustainable future.
Farming with Fungus
Fungi are often misunderstood, but the global ecosystem cannot exist without them. Most fungal organisms exist below the ground, with white fibrous fungus, known as mycelium, as the key element of the ecological system. These mycelial networks are infused in the roots of plants and help the plants to survive in extreme droughts that would otherwise kill them.
Cow grasslands are also integrated with useful fungus. This type of fungus filters the harmful bacteria from animal waste before it reaches important water sources. Fungal pesticides can also be used instead of harmful chemicals that kill pests, providing a healthier way to move forward.
Rainwater is a useful resource that can be preserved for future growth. Rainwater does not have harmful chemicals like Fluoride or Chlorine and is therefore, a good source of harvesting.
Rain barrels can be installed to store the rainwater, providing access to clean and chemical free water even during times of drought.
While this innovative approach may seem challenging without the necessary infrastructure, construction finance is affordable and can transform farming output. According to construction finance experts Maxiron Capital, “cash flow challenges can stop innovation before it starts. By accessing the funds you need you can create the conditions for success. Just like preparing the soil before you start growing, construction finance can help your farming goals flourish when they otherwise might have wilted.”
Aerofarms are vertical farms that are grown indoors. Here the plants are grown soilless, waterless and sunless. This innovative form of farming produces a high yield with low waste. The seeds are grown on the recyclable fabric sheets while the plants are sprayed with the nutrient-rich smog when they reach the seedling phase. As a result this considerably decreases the demand for water.
As these farms are indoors, they use LED lights instead of sunlight and prove to be 75% more productive than landscape farming. In addition, 95% less water is consumed compared to traditional field farming.
In the 21st Century, drones are being used more extensively in farming. Farmers use these flying robots for monitoring farms, and managing crops in extreme weather conditions and floods when access to fields is difficult. According to the United Nations, the quality imaging abilities of the drones are an effective tool to look after the crops, showing that technology can be used at the forefront of sustainable and innovative farming.
Use of Microbes
Nature has incorporated useful organisms in the soil called microbes. Microbes are already a part of our food like yogurt, vinegar, bread, soy sauce, cheese, wine, and beer. With the advancement in farming, the agricultural products containing microbes are also being developed.
These microbial products can serve as the best alternative to agricultural chemical products while products containing microbes can be applied to the surface of seeds that help them to grow stronger.
Genetically Modified Organisms
Plant breeding techniques have been used for thousands of years to improve crops. Now biotechnology has taken its place. The necessary genes are directly transferred into plants with the resulting organisms known as GMOs. These GMOs have beneficial genes to help plants grow stronger, become more durable, and survive in water-limited conditions and droughts.
However, it’s important to have a farming area set up properly or you risk wasting time and money, with water control experts PNG solutions speaking on the importance of adequate water supply even for GMO products, saying “gravity flow water supplies can help farms save money, with water flow meters used to measure and control the amount of water used. These are simple devices to help increase your output and limit costs.”
Such GMO plants are also more resistant to plant diseases and insects than the conventionally grown plants, so when you’ve set up your farm to provide adequate water supply you’ll have a lasting advantage.